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This topic explains who is a parent and the responsibilities parents have for their children.

Parentage is used to describe the people who are legally responsible for caring for a child. It usually means the biological parents of a child, but it can be parents of a child through adoption, an IVF procedure or, in some cases, through surrogacy.

Parents may be the same or different sexes. If someone is in a relationship (whether married or de facto) and a woman gives birth through artificial insemination with the consent of their partner, the partner is considered a parent of the child.

This topic explains the responsibilities of people who are responsible for caring for a child.


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